The Material Heritage of Aysen has 17 interesting attractions.
Ludwig House: building declared Historical Monument in 2009 and it was built between 1953 and 1960 in the town of Puerto Puyuhuapi. It a five levels wood construction which belonged to one of the four pioneer families, who arrived this zone during the first half of the XX century. The building, a German construction, is a combination of wood and local materials as also the labor of chilote master wood builder, workers “hooked” who are part until these days of a singular community with a strong identity and urban expression at the end of the Puyuhuapi sound.
Distance from Coyhaique:222 km / 3,5 hr.
Alto Río Cisnes Ranch: The construction is part of the buildings of the Rio Cisnes Ranch, conducted by the company Anglo-Chilean Pastor Co., as part of a concession of exploitation given by the Chilean State in 1904. The building ( a house where the owners and administrators of the ranch lived) is a construction of stucco brickwork in its interior and exterior faces, divided into two levels, resulting in a surface of 720 mt2. In 1968, the edification turns into a public school for the education of the ranch workers, transforming into a Rural Cooperative as part of the Chilean Agrarian Reform.
Distance from Coyhaique: 340 km / 6 hr.
Lands and Colonization Offices, Puerto Aysén: Edification built in 1930 by Carlos Stange Klein, industrial lumberer from Puerto Montt and builder of several public constructions in Puerto Aysen, although a few of the constructions still survive by this time since most of them were affected by fires. In regards to its characteristics, the building has lenga wood partitions, of a thick wall stud, struts, and fire blocks, paneled with wooden siding in its exterior face. It is worth to mention that the building corresponded to an old office of Land and Colonization of the Aysen Province, in charge of administrating the government-owned land to promote the regional settlement during its first phase. Now, its occupied by Carabineros of Chile (national police) as a Second Station.
Distance from Coyhaique: 65 km / 1 hr.
Presidente Ibañez Bridge: A big steel structure, it illustrates the importance of the public development to save the barriers of physical isolation and connect this zone with the rest of the country. The construction corresponds to an engineering work inaugurated in 1920, it has 210 m long and connects both riverbanks in the middle of Puerto Aysen city, where pedestrian and vehicles move. The bridge gets attention because its thinness which allows transit of vessels in the plentiful Aysen river and also for the contrast of a breathtaking scenery of snowed mountains and thick vegetation in the hills.
Distance from Coyhaique:65 km / 1 hr.
Buildings of the Industrial Society of Aysen: Construction dating from the creation of the Industrial Society of Aysen (SIA, for its acronym in Spanish) established in the central axis of the region, which comprehends the area of Coyhaique, Aysen, Ñirehuao and Simpson Valley between the years 1903 and 1906. Until this date, four protected polygons are preserved, located at the zone where was the SIA’s administration in the Coyhaique section. Where six building of patrimonial value exist, four of them have a wooden structure and cladding, one made of brickwork and the other of stonework.
In the complex are prominent the worker´s kitchen or “stone barn” and grocery store, a wooden construction of substantial proportions located in one of the sides of the international road to Argentina. No less important are the constructions located in the back part, the old storehouse and the accountant’s office which are wooden edifications who have the oldest data in the complex. This is part of the project of the soon-to-open Regional Museum of Aysen, which includes the restoration of six constructions with diverse type of functions such as administrative, museum, archival, meeting, cafeteria, exposition and conference and the construction of a new building which will have exposition, collections storage, and auditorium rooms.
Distance from Coyhaique: 3 km / 10 min. Approx
Pedro Quintana Mansilla School, Coyhaique: Construction opened in 1949 in the city of Coyhaique, located in one of the main arteries near Plaza de Armas (main square). A two floors height edification and a hipped roof, define this construction of great urban presence, which occupies the whole block of the historic center of the city and its dimensions, formal clarity and materiality, representing an urban landmark.
Distance from Coyhaique:150 m from the main square of Coyhaique
Hopperdietzel House: Home of the Hopperdietzel family, built in 1938 being one of the first constructions raised in Puerto Puyuhuapi by the pioneers. It is a wooden building of five levels which includes a sublevel with a great gabled roof which holds its three superior floors. The edification is part of the old historical center of the town and is next to the facilities of the Carpets Factory, also driven by the Hopperdietzel family.
Distance from Coyhaique:222 Km / 4 hrs approx.
Jeinimeni Lake National Reserve (Cueva Las Manos del Río Pedregoso / Cave of Hands of Pedregoso River): It is an 8-km circuit which includes archeological attractions of biodiversity and cultural importance, these are present in two archeological sites. One of major importance is known as “Cueva Las Manos del Río Pedregoso” (cave of hands), which comprehends two sub-river basins, the one of Pedregoso river and the other of Piedra Clavada stream passing through a road between hills of 1045 m. Some of the highlights are the geological formations of great attraction in regards to the landscape view, with iconic elements as the well-known formation called “Piedra Clavada” or the area known as “Valle Lunar”. Likewise, the biodiversity of the zone stands out representing the environment of the Patagonian steppe, where is possible to watch small watercourses, mallines (a type of wetland) and runoffs, different kind of species (flora & fauna) live together. Some of this species are llareta (Azorella compacta), neneo (Mulinum spinosum), duraznillo (Colliguaja integerrima), paramela (Adesmia boronioides), coiron (Festuca gracillima), viscacha (Lagidium wolffsohni), lesser reptiles, eagles, puma (puma concolor) and condor (Vultur gryphus)
Distance from Coyhaique:267 Km / 4.5 hrs approx. (this route includes the ferry crossing General Carrera Lake)
Río Ibañez’s Port Storages: This heritage complex was declared a “Historical Monument” in 2009, in its past used to be part of the old Pier of Puerto Ibañez, as well as the material remains of settlement and colonization process of the Aysen territory. During the first half of the twenty-one-century associated to industrial livestock and mining tasks carried out in the General Carrera Lake basin (previously called Buenos Aires, during those years in Chile) and the Baker river basin. At this time, is part of a must stroll by the Puerto Ibañez’s Costanera (lakefront), becoming an attractive public and cultural route.
Distance from Coyhaique:120 km / 2 hrs approx.
Puerto Cristal Mining Camp: It is an old mining town, locates on the northern shore of General Carrera Lake in the Rio Ibañez commune. It characterized for being one of the main economic hubs in the south of Aysen region during the XX century through the extraction of zinc and lead. It had a housing and productive complex, housing around a thousand people until the closure Silva mine and its later abandonment in 1997.
Ditance from Coyhaique:222 km / 6 hrs (5 hrs by car + 1 hrs by ferry)
Old School Site Museum Cerro Castillo: The museum was built in 2013, thanks to the contribution of the program “Puesta en Valor del Patrimonio” (Enhancing the value of the Heritage) and contributing to the reassigning to National Monument. It is located in the Rio Ibañez commune, preserving the historical memory of the spontaneous process of colonization of the rural inhabitants of the Aysen region. In the year 2014, it was restored under the heritage protection criteria and it uses as a Site Museum, having facilities for collections exhibitions, visitors center and an administration and research area.
Distance from Coyhaique: 98 km / 1,5 hrs approx.
Old Cemetery of Chile Chico: The old cemetery of Chile Chico has around 67 individual tombs and mausoleums of the first settlers and family of the zone. They are built with different materials and typologies, being the wood fences (similar to small corral), metallic fences (with a similar typology to the wood one, but with a bigger ornamentation and size), tombs made of stucco brickwork similar to a small house of tiles. In the cemetery are found the Jara, Burgos, Mendoza, Fica among other families. It has the rest buried of whom had a relevant participation in the called “War of Chile Chico” (Guerra de Chile Chico). The estimated data of the cemetery is before 1928 and it was also known as the “Cemetery of Jeinimeni river”.
Distance from Coyhaique:120 km / 3,5 hrs (1,5 hrs by car + 2 hrs by ferry)
Isla de Los Muertos (Island of the Dead): Site located in the extreme south of Aysen region, specifically in the delta of Baker river, where there is more 100 years old Historic Cemetery. There are 33 crosses of cypress wood emerging between the lush vegetation of the Valdivian temperate rain forest, which correspond to chilote workers (people from Chiloé Island) of the Compañia Explotadora del Baker (Baker Exploitation Company) who died under unknown circumstances during the first works related to colonization and exploitation. The place, until our days, it is a silent material testimony which allows crossing a thin frontier separating its historic and mythical course, leaving a space to numerous hypothesis full of mystery and fantasy.
Distance from Coyhaique:462 km / 12 ½ hrs (12 hrs by car+ 30 min by boat) (All these should be done in 2 days regarding the distance)
Paso San Carlos (San Carlos Pass): It is part of a route joining the Ñadis and San Carlos area. The site is located on a cliff of 400 meters high, in a place called “El Saltón” (Baker river), which is between the confluence of Ventisquero, Ñadis and Baker rivers. It is part of a trail of no more than 2 meters wide where people used to transit with the livestock and load through vegetation clearing and rock blasting, resulting into a balcony path towards the Baker River in an altitude of 150 to 200 meters and a 235 meters-long, including a tunnel of 12 meters. The pass would have been built in 1901 as part of the works of the Commission of Limits.
Distance from Coyhaique:379 km / 8 hrs approx.
(until “El Barrancoso” bridge, then turn to the right at the km 3 or 9 where you will find providers doing excursions to this place)
Capilla de Marmol (Marble Chapel): The Natural Monument Sanctuary of Nature “Capilla de Marmol” it is a group of islands and small islet mainly compound of molded marble present in the General Carrera Lake, between the town of Puerto Rio Tranquilo and Puerto Eulogio Sanchez. It’s important scientific, scenic and touristic value and its input to the local economic development and identity of Puerto Tranquilo has allowed recognizing this islands as a geological patrimony of national relevance translating into thousand visits of tourists enjoying each year the tours through its big caves and caverns surrounded by its unique turquoise waters.
Distance from Coyhaique:220 Km / 4 hrs by car + 50 min by boat.
Caleta Tortel: The town of Caleta Tortel was founded in 1955 and declared Typical Zone in 2001. It was discovered in 1888 through the explorations made by the Chilean Navy in the Baker fjord, where later the Compañia Explotadora del Baker (Baker Exploitation Company) installed the first sawmill and pier of the town, known as the “Corner of Caleta Tortel”. Currently, around 500 people live there, in the present days, it has become a high attraction for its cypress and coigüe (nothofagus dombeyi) and besides its characteristic houses located automatically in the relief conditions, merging with the lush vegetation.
Distance from Coyhaique:462 km / 8 hrs approx.
Quitralco Fjord: Declared a Nature Sanctuary for its significant environmental value and biodiversity where several avifauna species and wildlife live, such as: cocoi heron (Ardea cocoi), southern river otter (Lontra provocax), red-legged cormorant (Phalacrocorax gaimardi), fuegian steamer duck (Tachyeres pteneres) dolphins and other cetaceans.
Ditance from Coyhaique:81 km until Puerto Chacabuco / 1,5 hr.